Longevity News & Review
By Robert Goldman
For The Bali Times
Longevity News and Review provides readers with the latest information in breakthroughs pertaining to the extension of the healthy human lifespan. These news summaries are compiled by the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine (A4M; www.worldhealth.net), a non-profit medical society composed of 20,000 physician and scientist members from 90 nations, united in a mission to advance biomedical technologies to detect, prevent, and treat aging related disease and to promote research into methods to retard and optimize the human aging process. Dr. Ronald Klatz, A4M president, and Dr. Robert Goldman, A4M chairman, physician co-founders of the anti-aging medical movement, distill these headlines and provide their commentary
In United States, Deaths from Heart Disease, Stroke Down 30%
New statistics from the American Heart Association report that in the United States, between 1999 and 2006 deaths due to coronary heart disease dropped there was a 30.7 percent and stroke deaths dropped by 29.2 percent. Despite the recent drop, however, cardiovascular conditions such as heart attacks and stroke remain the leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for 34.2 percent of the more than 2.4 million deaths reported in 2006. This report also foreshadows future problems, noting that one US study has determined that 15 percent of men ages 33 to 45 and 5.1 percent of women of the same age already had significant artery calcification – deposits that can thicken to clog arteries, putting these people at-risk to have cardiovascular problems in the years ahead.
Dr. Klatz observes: The reductions in deaths from heart disease and stroke prevail despite the increasingly sedentary and overweight/obese status of the American public. This American Heart Association report is important in that it points out that two-thirds (62 percent) of adults reported no vigorous daily activity lasting at least 10 minutes (an exercise threshold of the minimum recommendation for heart-strengthening exercise). Further, the report notes that the incidence of overweight (body mass index at the 95th percentile) increased among children 6 to 11 years of age from 4 percent in 1971-74 to 17 percent in 2003-2006. Among infants from 6 months to 23 months of age, the prevalence of high weight-for-age was 7.2 percent in 1976-1980 and 11.5 percent in 2003-2006. Clearly, lifestyle choices, including regular exercise and proper nutrition, are integral to ensuring any continued progress on the front of reducing deaths due to cardiovascular disease and its underlying causal factors.
In Older Men, Vitamin K May Confer Anti-Diabetes Benefits
Insulin resistance is a condition where insufficient insulin is released to produce a normal glucose response from fat, muscle, and liver cells. Makiko Yoshida, from Tufts University (Boston, Massachusetts USA), and colleagues conducted a study of 355 older non-diabetic men and women (ages 60 to 80 years), a segment of whom received 500 micrograms/day of vitamin K (as phylloquinone, or vitamin K1; naturally occurring in green leafy vegetables such as lettuce, broccoli, and spinach.) for 36 months. In those men who received the Vitamin K supplement, insulin resistance was significantly lower, but no effect was seen in women. The team suggests the difference between the sexes may be due to the fact that vitamin K is stored in fat tissue, and in the women in the study, vitamin K may not have been readily available to cells that required it to process glucose.
Remarks Dr. Goldman: In the United States, almost 24 million people have diabetes, or 7 percent of the nation’s population. An estimated 19 million people, or 4 percent of the population, are affected by diabetes in th4e EU. Around the world, diabetes is projected to increase several-fold in the coming years, due to the progressively sedentary lifestyle and aging population. In that type-2 diabetes exerts a tremendous burden of direct medical expenditures, lost worker productivity, and caregiving costs, research into nutritional interventions that halt the underlying mechanisms of the condition may shed invaluable insights into slashing the societal costs of the disease.
Boost Bone Health by Smart Dietary Choices
With aging, people become less able to excrete the acid produced via dietary metabolism of protein-rich foods and cereal grains, which may cause an increased calcium excretion, a marker of bone resorption (loss). Bess Dawson-Hughes, from Tufts University (Boston, Massachusetts USA), and colleagues, completed a study involving 171 men and women, ages 50 and older. Some study participants received potassium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate, or potassium chloride supplements, which shifted their stomach to a more alkaline environment. After three months, those who received the bicarbonate supplements showed marked reduction in calcium excretion. The researchers propose the dietary equivalent is to consume fruits and vegetables, which when metabolized release bicarbonate. The team “suggests that increasing the alkali content of the diet may attenuate bone loss in healthier older adults.”
Comments Dr. Klatz: In the United States, 10 million people already have osteoporosis. Millions more have low bone mass, or osteopenia, placing them at increased risk for the disease. This study is important because it suggests an effective nutritional approach to boost bone health in a simple way that everyone can adopt.
Anti-aging medicine is the fastest-growing medical specialty throughout the world and is founded on the application of advanced scientific and medical technologies for the early detection, prevention, treatment, and reversal of age-related dysfunction, disorders, and diseases. It is a healthcare model promoting innovative science and research to prolong the healthy lifespan in humans. As such, anti-aging medicine is based on solid scientific principles of responsible medical care that are consistent with those applied in other preventive health specialties. The goal of anti-aging medicine is not to merely prolong the total years of an individual’s life, but to ensure that those years are enjoyed in a productive and vital fashion.
Visit the A4M’s World Health Network website, at www.worldhealth.net, to learn more about the A4M and its educational endeavors and to sign-up for EBN – The FREE Longevity Newsletter.