World Must Fight Carbon Dioxide Fast
By Bill McKibben
All around the world, national governments are trying to hammer out their global warming policies, preparing for the United Nations’ climate-change conclave in Copenhagen, Denmark, at the end of 2009. And in too many places, the effort seems to be going nowhere.
Here in Australia, for instance, the government earlier this month decided to postpone any real action for another year, citing the recession. It weakened major elements of its “emissions trading scheme,” bowing to pressure from the coal industry, which is the country’s biggest exporter, and other major polluters.
In Washington, meanwhile, the Obama administration is valiantly helping to push a bill through Congress that would finally set a cap on US carbon emissions. Introduced by Reps. Henry A. Waxman, D-Calif., and Edward J. Markey, D-Mass. it has the support of most environmental groups and represents the culmination of years of hard lobbying work. And if the leaks coming out of the committee are correct, it’s watered down with lots of loopholes and compromises. These concessions are clearly necessary to win passage, but they may also limit the speed and breadth of the legislation’s effect.
The trouble is, physics and chemistry aren’t adjusting their schedule to fit our political and economic convenience. Each week brings new accounts of crashing ice sheets and spreading droughts. The scientific journal Nature said in its April 29 cover story that a growing number of scientists agree that the carbon dioxide challenge “is even greater than had been previously thought.”
As politics gets slower, global warming speeds up. The problem isn’t feckless officials. President Barack Obama has a dream team of climate specialists: Clinton administration EPA veteran Carol Browner as energy czar, Harvard physicist John Holdren as top science adviser, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Steven Chu as Energy secretary and Oakland, Calif., activist Van Jones as White House green jobs coordinator.
And the problem isn’t that environmental groups aren’t working hard enough. I’ve never seen them work more tirelessly, with lobbying efforts in capitals around the world.
In fact, the problem is pretty simple: The environmental movement isn’t big enough. It’s one of the most selfless of advocacy efforts. But the movement has been sized to save whales and build national parks and force carmakers to stick catalytic converters on exhaust systems. It’s nowhere near big enough to take on the fossil fuel industry, the biggest player in our global economy. It’s like sending the Food and Drug Administration to fight the war in Afghanistan.
Exxon Mobil Corp. made more money in 2008 than any US company in the history of money. That gives it more clout than all the green groups combined. Which is why, if the Copenhagen conference is going to be anything but a disaster, we need to build a stronger movement. All around the world. Very fast.
That sounds quixotic, but maybe not. I’m here in Australia, organizing people for a new campaign called 350.org. We take our name from the most important number in the world, a number that scientists only identified about 18 months ago. It’s the amount of carbon dioxide, measured in parts per million in the atmosphere, that scientists now say is the safe maximum for the planet – a maximum we’re well past. Currently, our atmosphere holds 387 parts per million, which is precisely why the Arctic is melting, precisely why Australia is catching on fire.
Our plan is simple. We asked people around the world, through our website, to hold organized actions on Oct. 24 – from high in the Himalayas to underwater on the Great Barrier Reef, from Easter Island to inner-city America – in an effort to take that number and drive it into the human imagination. If we can, it will help the world understand that this is not some future problem to be set aside until conditions improve, but a capital-E emergency now overtaking the Earth that demands a powerful and urgent global response. We can reboot the conversation, make it about the peril we face but also about the promise of green jobs and clean economies.
So far it’s working. Although 350 parts per million carbon dioxide is an arcane number, those three digits mean the same thing in Delhi and China and Melbourne and Washington. Already, more than 700 actions have been planned in a third of the countries of the world. There will be 350 bicyclists leaving on 350-kilometer trips, and 350 surfers on the waves in one beach town after another; 350 divers at the Great Barrier Reef.
Environmental groups from across the spectrum have pledged to help, as have human rights organizations such as Oxfam, and big networks of young people in the developing world, and leaders from every faith community – hundreds of churches have pledged to ring their bells 350 times on Oct. 24.
The news coming out of world capitals makes it clear that we need more than lobbying by environmentalists to get the changes the science demands. We need a movement, a groundswell, to give those lobbyists the clout they need. But we can make it happen only if we join together fast.
McKibben is scholar in residence at Middlebury College and founder of 350.org.Filed under: Opinion