Island’s Population Rises
Bali’s population increased by 2.15 percent in the last decade, the fastest period of growth in half a century, according to officials.
I Gde Suarsa of the Bali Statistics Agency said that between 2000 and 2010 the island’s population rose from 3.15 million to 3.89 million, with growth fuelled by a combination of natural increase and immigration.
In the previous half century decade-long growth figures never exceeded 1.70 percent, with the rate of population increase actually slowing in the 1980s.
“In the latest decade, 2000-2010, population growth reached its peak, while during the 1980-1990 period recorded the slowest growth, which may have been due to the intensive family planning program,” Suarsa said, referring to the Suharto regime’s successful “two children is enough” campaign.
Suarsa said that while Bali only amounts for a small proportion of Indonesia’s total population, its growth rates are among the highest in the country.
“In terms of the population growth, Bali ranked second in the country as the province with the highest growth rate, after Banten province,” he said; “Bali is the most densely populated province outside Java, as evidenced by population density, which is five times greater than the average across all the provinces in Indonesia.”
There is an average of 673 people per square kilometre in Bali, compared to a nationwide average of 124 people per square kilometre.
Suarsa said that population was disproportionately weighted to the south of Bali, around the major urban areas and tourist resorts. This area was also home to the largest number of migrants, who account for around 10 percent of the island’s population.
“Significant population growth can be seen in Denpasar and Badung, particularly in the central, southern and northern parts of Kuta,” he said.
Bali Governor I Made Mangku Pastika said that the local authorities needed to take steps to meet the needs of a rapidly increasing population.
“There are an increasing number of people coming to Bali; all of them need jobs, need places to live and need transportation. We have to improve the quality of our human resources in Bali to be able to face the competition,” he said.Filed under: Headlines