Tawur Agung Kesanga Ritual at Besakih Temple

The ritual of  “Tawur Agung Kesanga” or sacrifices for the universe harmony held in the area of Besakih Temple, Karangasem regency, which was attended by Hindus from many villages in Bali.

“Tawur Agung Kesanga ceremony is in the levelof TabuhGentuh by slaughtering animals assacrificial offerings,” Jero Gede Mangku Pande, the organizerof the ritual activities said in Besakih.

He said that dozens types of offerings complements the ritual of Tawur Kesanga associated with Nyepi Day Saka New Year 1935. The animal sacrificedin the ceremony are buffaloes, cows, goats, deer, geese, ducks, kerkuakbirds, pigs, chickens, and monkeys.

“All kinds of animal sacrificed arepurified (mapepada) that was done or one day before the ritual,” he said.

Bali Governor Made Mangku Pastika, Vice Governor Anak Agung Puspayoga and Karangasem Regent I Wayan Geredeg blended with local people from different parts of areas in the island.

The ceremony that spiritually cleanses the universe was led by three priests, namely Ida Pedanda Shiva, Ida Pedanda Buddha, and Ida Rsi Bujangga Vaishnava.

The ceremony took place solemn accompanied by chanting spiritual songs (kekidung) and the melody of Balinese gamelan instruments.

In addition, some Wali dances were also performed, the Sidakarya Mask and WayangLemah and other offering such as Tabuh Rah or cockfighting.

Based on the history, Besakih Temple is the biggest Hindu shrines in Bali located at the slope of Mount Agung that have significance for the life of Hindus is the place for the Gods.

BesakihTemple also serves as Rwa Bhineda, Sad Kahyangan Jagat, Padma Bhuana, and the center of all religious ceremonies.

Attention to Pura Besakih started since the reign of King Sri Udayana Warmadewa (in 1007) until the reign of the King Sri Krishna Kepakisan generation (in 1444 and 1454 AD).

Great attention from the King continued in the Dutch colonial era in Indonesia in the form of large-scale restoration on some sacred building complex damaged by natural disasters.

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