1.480 Customary Village Preserve “Tri Hita Karana”

Culture observer from the State Institute of Hindu Dharma (IHDN) Denpasar, Dr. Ketut Sumadi, assessed that approximately 1,480 customary villages in Bali or Pakraman are able to preserve the Hindu’s concept of Tri Hita Karana.

“Cultural activities and rituals that remain stable in Balinese people life become one of the attractions for tourists to enjoy a holiday on the island,” said Director of the Doctoral Program of Religion Studies IHDN Denpasar.

He argued that the customary villagers majority are Hindus upholding traditions and cultural heritage based on Tri Hita Karana (THK) that is to live in harmony and harmonious among human beings, humans with the environment and humans with the Almighty God.

Local people generally keep to implement the values of Hindu religion cannot be separated from the local culture, better known as the concept of “desa, kala, patra” or desa mawacara (place, time and circumstances).

Sumadi added that this condition remains based on menyama braya (brotherhood) lifestyle, to help each other and tolerant to all people regardless of religion, ethnicity or socio-cultural.

With local wisdom upheld until now by customary village community is able to realize a harmonious life in bonding social system called Pakraman.

“Therefore, it is not surprising that Bali until now remained a favorite tourist destination for tourists visiting the island,” said Ketut Sumadi.

Sumadi reminded that for the regulation of Pakraman which is called awig awig, agreed upon by all villagers should be able to protect them against the rapid development of tourism.

“It is important to anticipate traditional village institution in Bali recently began to lose critical power,” said Ketut Sumadi.

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