June 27-July 3, 2014

By Dr. Robert Goldman & Dr. Ronald Klatz

Longevity News and Review provides readers with the latest information in breakthroughs pertaining to the extension of the healthy human lifespan.  These news summaries are compiled by the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine (A4M; www.worldhealth.net), a non-profit medical society composed of 24,000 physician and scientist members from 110 nations, united in a mission to advance biomedical technologies to detect, prevent, and treat aging related disease and to promote research into methods to retard and optimize the human aging process.   Dr. Ronald Klatz, M.D., D.O., A4M President, and Dr. Robert Goldman, M.D., Ph.D., D.O., FAASP, A4M Chairman, physician co-founders of the anti-aging medical movement, distill these headlines and provide their insightful commentary.

Attitude Influences Eating Habits
Melanie Hingle, from the University of Arizona (Arizona, USA), and colleagues studied data collected as part of the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), focusing on two groups of women:  a group of 13,645 participants who had been part of a program to improve their nutrition, mainly by decreasing fat intake; and 20,242 subjects who were not asked to make any changes to their diet. The researchers assessed the women’s optimism levels via; another survey aimed to evaluate the overall healthfulness of participants’ diets at the beginning of the study and one year later.  The team observed that the most optimistic one-third of the women saw the most improvement in their diets, whether or not they had completed the nutrition program. Specifically, on a scale measured from zero to 110 (where higher numbers indicate better diet quality), women with the highest optimism in the nutrition program improved their diet by 1.8 points, and those with the lowest optimism improved their diet by 1.4 points. Among women not in the program, scores improved by 1.0 point for those with the highest initial optimism and by 0.3 points for those with the lowest. The differences were considered statistically meaningful.  As well, the researchers observed that the least optimistic women also started out with less-healthy diets, on average, than those who had sunnier dispositions.  Observing that:  “participants with highest optimism achieved threefold greater [Alternate Healthy Eating Index] increase compared with those with the lowest optimism,” the study authors conclude that: “These data support a relationship between optimism and dietary quality score in postmenopausal women at baseline and over 1 year.”

Dr. Klatz observes: “A positive outlook on life may make you a better candidate for healthy eating.  Among women, optimism helps them to adopt and follow healthy dietary guidelines.”

Start Early to Reap the Benefits of Physical Activity
S. Warden, from the Center for Translational Musculoskeletal Research and Department of Physical Therapy at Indiana University (Indiana, USA), and colleagues assessed 103 professional baseball players to ascertain insights as to the impact of exercise on bones.  The researchers found that the ball players had up to twice the bone strength in their throwing arms (humeral diaphysis bone) as in their non-throwing arm—as measured by bone size and density.  Once their careers ended, some players continued an active lifestyle, while others did not. Bone mass in those that stopped throwing reverted back to matching the other arm, but bone size did not (dropping to just 56% of its previous size on average), which meant that even in the absence of continued activity, the players all maintained some bone strength attributes for the rest of their lives. For those that continued to use their arms after retiring from baseball the benefits were even greater—they maintained higher bone density levels, though not as high as when they were playing of course (28% on average), which resulted in them retaining up to 50% of added bone strength as they aged into becoming senior citizens. The study authors submit that: “physical activity during youth should be encouraged for lifelong bone health, with the focus being optimization of bone size and strength rather than the current paradigm of increasing mass. The data also indicate that physical activity should be encouraged during aging to reduce skeletal structural decay.”

Remarks Dr. Goldman: “Whereas it is established that exercise causes muscles to grow bigger and leaner, data now suggests that routine physical activity may offer similar benefits for bones as well.  Exercising in youth increases the size and strength of the bones, among men.”

A Sweet Solve to Antibiotic Resistance
Honey is filled with healthful polyphenols, most  notably – phenolic acids, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid and ellagic acid.  Susan M. Meschwitz, from Salve Regina University (Rhode Island, USA), and colleagues report that honey polyphenols exert  antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, with a large number of laboratory and limited clinical studies confirming the broad-spectrum antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties of honey.  The researchers have observed that honey has antioxidant properties and is an effective antibacterial.  Explaining that: “We have separated and identified the various antioxidant polyphenol compounds,” the lead author reports that: “In our antibacterial studies, we have been testing honey’s activity against E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, among others.”

Comments Dr. Klatz:  “An age-old natural sweetener, honey has been utilized in folk medicine around the world, oftentimes as a topical wound dressing.  Scientific analysis now reveals that honey is rich in antioxidants, and possesses antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties.”

Anti-aging medicine is the fastest-growing medical specialty throughout the world and is founded on the application of advanced scientific and medical technologies for the early detection, prevention, treatment, and reversal of age-related dysfunction, disorders, and diseases.  It is a healthcare model promoting innovative science and research to prolong the healthy lifespan in humans.  As such, anti-aging medicine is based on solid scientific principles of responsible medical care that are consistent with those applied in other preventive health specialties.  The goal of anti-aging medicine is not to merely prolong the total years of an individual’s life, but to ensure that those years are enjoyed in a productive and vital fashion.  Visit the A4M’s World Health Network website, at www.worldhealth.net, to learn more about the A4M and its educational endeavors and to sign-up for your free subscription o Longevity Magazine™ e-Journal.

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