Many developing countries including Indonesia have just less than three years to make significant progresses in poverty eradication, health, sanitation and education programs which are parts of the the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
April 5, 2013 will mark 1,000 days to the end of 2015 – the deadline for achieving the eight MDGs which were agreed by UN member nations in September 2000.
The eight goals that have to be achieved by 2015 are: Eradication of Extreme Poverty and Starvation; Achieving Universal Primary Education; Promotion of Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women; Reducing Child Mortality; Improvement of Maternal Health; Combating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Infectious Diseases; Ensuring Sustainable Environment; and Developing a Global Partnership for Development.
The Indonesian government has claimed that the nation has achieved at least three of the eight goals and even could exceed some targets by 2015.
Since 1990, Indonesia has been able to reduce the number of people living in poverty, from 20.6 percent in 1990 to 11.9 percent in 2012, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono told the press after chairing the fourth meeting of the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, in Nusa Dua, Bali, on March 27, 2013 .
The country has achieved universal primary education for children by implementing the 9-year compulsory education policy. Infant mortality has been reduced from 68 per 1,000 births in 1991, to 34 in 2007, the head of state added.
However, Indonesia has to work harder to achieve some other goals, particularly those concerning the poverty eradication, the maternal and infant mortality rate reduction and combating the HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other infectious diseases.
Yudhoyono has expressed his optimism that the country would be able to achieve the MDGs by 2015. “We still have 2.5 years to catch up . We must focus on achieving the goals,” he said.