Celebration of Shiva Ratri is one of Hindu ritual teaches us to always maintain a sense of self in order to avoid sin and papa. Recognized or not, people often forget, because it has its limitations. Because they often have forgotten it, then every year on sasih kepitu (the seventh month according to the Balinese calendar), held a ceremony at the core of Shiva Ratri celebrations pejagraan night. Pejagraan whose origin he jagra it means conscious, aware or literate. People are always jagralah to avoid sin.
In the Bhagavadgita III, 42, otherwise, people will have clear minds, if atman or soul holy always shone budhi or consciousness. Budhi (consciousness) is controlled manas (mind). Manah master the senses. The structural condition of the mind and is ideal as it is very difficult to obtain. He must always be pursued with the belief in God as the repellent darkness of the soul. Shiva Ratri (Ratri is also often written Latri) is a night to focus on Trance Shiva to get awareness to avoid dark thoughts. Therefore, Shiva Ratri more accurately called “awareness night” or “night pejagraan”, not “night of atonement” as commonly understood by those who are not steeped in religion.
Indeed, people are always aware of the nature of life, always avoid sin. People can have awareness, because the power budhinya (which became one of the elements of mind) called citta. Doing brata Shiva Ratri budhi essentially reinforce elements. By focusing on strengths and budhi the sanctity of Shiva as an aspect or manifestation of Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa, we fused the darkness that hinders budhi and receive God’s holy light. If budhi always gets the holy God, then budhi will strengthen the mind or manas, so it can control the senses or Tri Guna.
Shiva Ratri essentially Namasmaranâm activity at Siwa. Namasmaranâm means to always remember and praise the name of God that if dihubungankan with Shiva Ratri is the name of Shiva. Major Shiva has the power to destroy all ignorance. If it gets light from the darkness Hyang Siwa, it gives birth to the much-needed awareness budhi every moment in life. Thus, Shiva Ratri ceremony did not actually have to be done every year, but can be carried out once a month, ie every tilem or months before death. Whereas before tilem kepitu (tilem the darkest) held a ceremony called Maha Shiva Ratri.
In order to achieve consciousness, we can purify ourselves by doing pythons. In Lontar Wraspati Tattwa mentioned, pythons ngaranya netya majapa maradina sarira. Sanca it means to do japa and cleanse the body. Medium Sarasamuscaya book mentions, Dhyana ngaranya Ikang Siwasmarana, meaning, dhyana name (if) always remember Hyang Siwa.
In India, every die before the month (every month) Hindu Shiva Ratri and held each year to celebrate Maha Shiva Ratri. Virtue brata Shiva Ratri lot described in Sanskrit literature, ancient Javanese and Balinese. It’s a sign, that the wa Shiva Ratri from long ago was celebrated by both the Hindus in India, and in Java and Bali. In Sanskrit literature, the primacy of Shiva Ratri brata kitabkitab described in the Puranas, such as Shiva Purana, Skanda Purana, Garuda Purana and Padma Purana. Shiva Purana, at the Jnana Samhita describes Shiva Ratri brata virtue and know-how to celebrate the holy night terbut. There was a load of dialogue between man named Suta and the AEC. In conversation, a cruel man named dikisahkanl Rurudruha. He became aware of the sins that have been done after brata Shiva Ratri. Thanks to the rise of consciousness, he left all sin, then steadily walk the path of dharma.
Among the various brata, visiting holy places, giving the fund has a high like precious stones (gold and diamonds), perform various types of yajna ceremony, various types of tapa and perform various activities Japa or mantra to worship his majesty, it’s all nothing brata virtue exceeds Sivaratri.
In line with the above statement, stating the primacy kakawin Sivaratri Kalpa Brata Sivaratri as diwedarkan by Sang Hyang Shiva as follows:
“Once someone is able to perform as Brata which I have taught, kalahlah reward of all Yajna ceremony, do penance and funds have likewise purify themselves to the holy places, in the early incarnation, even though a thousand million times enjoyed Pataka (the reward of sin and papa ), but the reward is Brata Sivaratri, all Pataka disappeared “.
“Although it is really very bad, did the dirty deed, hurting the kindness of others, kill priests (holy men) are also killing innocent people, arrogant and disrespectful to teachers, killing babies in the womb, all that poverty will disappear by doing Brata Sivaratri major, so virtue and height Brata (Sivaratri) that I sabdakan this “(Sivaratri kalpa, 37, 7-8) *
Literary sources itihasa In Itihasa, Sivaratri found in the Mahabharata, Santi Parva ie, in the episode when Bhishma was lying on arrows Arjuna children, waiting for death, while discussing the dharma, referring to the celebration of Maha Sivaratri by Citrabhanu king, king of the dynasty Jambudvipa Iksvaku. Citrabhanu King and his wife did on the day of Maha Sivaratri upavasa. Rsi Astavakra asked:
“O king, why are you two doing upavasa today? The king was awarded the memory of punarbhawa before, and he explained to the AEC.
“In a previous life I was a hunter in Varanasi named Susvara. Habit was to kill and sell birds and other animals. One day I hunt the woods, I caught a deer, but the days dark trigger. I can not go home, I tied deer in a tree. Then I climbed a tree bilva. For I was hungry and thirsty, I could not sleep. I thought of my poor wife children at home, waiting to go home with a sense of hungry and restless. To pass the night I plucked leaves bilva and dropped to the ground. “Next story similar to the story Lubdaka in Indonesia.
Sivaratri is also contained in the purana-purana, which generally contains stories conscious hunters, as follows:
First, the Siva Purana (section Jnanasamhita). This section contains a conversation between Suta with rsi, outlining the importance of Sivaratri ceremony. Someone named Rurudruha as mentioned above.
Second, the Skanda Purana (section Kedarakanda). On the Kedarakanda among others contains a conversation between Lomasa with the AEC. Lomasa told the AEC on the Canda evil, murderers of all beings, to kill Brahmins, finally able to understand and appreciate the so-called “truth” In the Skanda Purana also told the story of a hunter who is identical to the story of the hunter in the Santi Parva.
Third, the Garuda Purana (section Acarakanda). This section contains a brief description of Sivaratri told that Parvati asked about brata paramount. Siva Sivaratri describes the implementation vrata. A king named Sudarasenaka go hunting into the woods with a dog. The series even this story is not different from the story above hunters.
Fourth, the Padma Purana (section Uttarakanda). This section contains the king Dilipa denganWasista conversation. Wasista tell that Sivaratri is a very major vrata, between the months of Magha and Palghuna. In the Padma Purana, the hunter named Nisadha. Thanks vrata Sivaratri did Siva got him into the shop.